Have you ever wondered how your brain knows where you are in space—or where your arms and legs are? Or, for that matter, how does it know the foot from the hand? New research has begun to answer these questions.
The scientific community used to believe that there was a map inside our brains that told the brain where the limbs of our bodies were. However, with the new research that has been developed, the scientific community now believes differently.
The previous assumption has been challenged because when scientists approached testing this theory, they were very shocked at the results. The scientists working on this study found that the brain could not reliably tell the difference between a hand or the foot if the arms or legs were crossed. In these instances, they found out that the brain can even misinterpret the touch on a crossed arm or leg to the limb that it does not correspond with at all!
What does this mean for us? Well, it means that the scientists who worked on this study have put us one step closer to understanding how the brain figures out what parts of the body are where in space. This information could be very useful in the future. There are many applications for this information, especially relating to people who have had amputations of limbs and still feel the presence of their limbs. These sensations are called phantom pains.
Another application in the future could be a better understanding of neuropathy, or the feelings of pins and needles that occur with some diseases. Yet another application could be a better understanding of why people who have had amputations continue to feel the pins and needles in a limb that isn’t there. It is definitely an interesting way that we know now How the Brain Maps the Body.
The medication was developed in Japan as a treatment option for those who had suffered from a stroke. In the following years, it was introduced into the European pharmaceutical industry and is now one of the most frequently prescribed medications for cognitive disorders and circulatory issues relating to the brain. In the United States of America, citicoline is most often sold as a health and dietary supplement.
What is citicoline effective for treating?
Citicoline is most often used for treating conditions relating to the brain. It has been noted as being effective for treating age-related memory problems in the elderly and those aged over 50 years old. It is also used as a treatment for chronic blood circulatory problems of the brain, which are medically known as cerebrovascular diseases. There is evidence that oral administration of citicoline and intramuscular injections may help to improve behavior and memory in those individuals who have chronic cerebrovascular conditions.
It is also commonly utilized as a treatment option for those who have suffered from a stroke. It is most often prescribed within the first 24 hours off the individual suffering a stroke that is caused by blood clots it facilitates a speedy recovery and can lead to complete resolution of any symptoms associated with the stroke within 12 weeks. There is also evidence that hints at citicoline being a viable therapeutic treatment option for those suffering from Dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. It works by helping to improve cognitive function, memory, and learning for those individuals with mild Alzheimer’s disease.
For those individuals who suffer from bipolar or other depressive disorders could benefit from daily citicoline supplementation. It is also able to help improve the vision of those who are suffering from ischemic optic neuropathy. The main use that many people decide to supplement with citicoline is for conditions related to the cognitive capabilities of the individual. It is thought to be extremely beneficial for the elderly and those suffering from age-related memory decline.
Is citicoline safe to use over the long term?
There is still insufficient information relating to the long-term use of citicoline. The majority of people who use citicoline as a health supplement on a daily basis do not experience any adverse or negative side effects from its use. Of course, there is always a risk of developing side effects from this supplement, as is true with all Health supplements. Much of the information available for citicoline use is for periods of up to 3 months on a daily basis.
If the individual does experience any side effects, these will usually be mild and nature and short-lived. Side effects can include high blood pressure, low blood pressure, headaches and migraines, difficulty sleeping or remaining asleep coma chest pains, visual disturbances including blurred vision, nausea, and vomiting. These symptoms will usually arise from high doses of the supplement. If you experience any of these side effects, you should divide your dose in half and take the half dose each day over the course of a week. After this, you can then begin to increase the quantity buy a quarter every 7 days. If you suffer from heart conditions or high blood pressure, you should consult with your medical practitioner before taking this supplement.
As Ginkgo biloba is a multi-faceted and multi-use herbal based therapeutic treatment, it can be used to treat a whole host of conditions and impairments. It has long been popular as part of traditional Chinese medicine and has gained huge popularity around the world for its healing abilities. It is extracted from the ginkgo biloba tree, and supplements will contain varying degrees of the active compounds. So, what are the best dosages for treating certain conditions with ginkgo biloba extract?
Below you will find a list of all recommended dosage guidelines for ginkgo biloba supplementation. The below-mentioned guidelines are for oral administration only and should be discussed with your medical practitioner before you commence with your supplement regime. They below are guidelines only, and if you are taking any prescription medication you should check beforehand to ensure that there are no known interactions.
Anxiety. It is recommended to take between 18 mg to 160 mg of Ginkgo biloba extract. The best active compound for treating anxiety is egb 761, which should be taken three times a day over a period of one month.
Dementia. For treating dementia, it is recommended to take between 100 to 220 mg of ginkgo biloba extract twice a day. This typically proves to be a sufficient dose for helping with cognitive function and improving memory recall.
Cognitive function. To improve concentration and overall cognitive function, it is recommended to take between 200 to 450 mg ginkgo biloba around 2 to 4 hours before undertaking any tasks. At this dose, cognitive function and mental abilities will receive a drastic boost.
Retinal damage. For those individuals who are experiencing retinal damage caused by diabetes, 120 mg of Ginkgo biloba extract can help improve the situation over a period of six months. If you are suffering with type 2 diabetes, you should consult with your doctor before starting any treatment plan that contains ginkgo biloba.
Vertigo. For the therapeutic treatment of vertigo, it is recommended to take 160 mg of Ginkgo biloba extract once or twice a day over a period of three months. Typically, most individuals will experience Improvement of vertigo at around the 4-week mark.
PMS. To treat PMS symptoms with ginkgo biloba it is recommended to use 40 mg of Ginkgo td. It should be taken 3 times each day on the 15th day of the menstrual cycle. Supplementation should continue until the 4th day of the start of the next menstrual cycle. This will help alleviate many of the common side effects that accompany PMS.
Schizophrenia. Ginkgo biloba can help to alleviate many of the symptoms of schizophrenia and it is recommended to take between 120 mg to 360 mg of Ginkgo biloba extract egb 761. The individual should use ginkgo biloba for a time frame of 8 to 16 weeks. For those suffering from schizophrenia, it is important to discuss supplementing with ginkgo biloba before you decide to start your treatment plan.
Circulatory disorders. For the treatment of poor circulation and any pain that is associated with it, it is recommended to use a dose of 120 mg to 240 mg each day. This dose should be divided into two doses and is known to be safe for you over the long term. It is known that the higher the dose, the better the treatment will be of the condition. Ginkgo biloba is especially useful for treating peripheral vascular disease and can eliminate many of the painful symptoms that are associated with it.
Tardive dyskinesia. For the treatment of those individuals who suffer from tardive dyskinesia, it is recommended to supplement with 80 mg of Ginkgo biloba extract. The extract should be taken 3 times a day over a period of 3 months.
Precautions when using ginkgo biloba
If you are new to using ginkgo biloba, you should start at the lower end of the dose scale and work your way up. You should avoid using more than 120 mg at the beginning of your treatment plan to avoid gastrointestinal side effects, such as diarrhea and cramps. You should avoid using crude ginkgo biloba plants at all times, as they contain extremely dangerous levels of toxic compounds which can lead to the onset of severe allergic reactions.
5-HTP is a health supplement which is commonly used for the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders. It is a byproduct of one of the building blocks of protein and is a beneficial therapeutic treatment for cognitive disorders and sleep disorders, such as insomnia. It has been found to be useful for those who suffer from anxiety, and it is able to reduce some of the more common side effects associated with it. As with all supplements and medications there is a risk of encountering side effects, and 5-HTP is no different.
What are the side effects of 5-HTP?
5-HTP is seen as being a moderately safe supplement to take when administered via the mouth. It has been shown to be safe when taken in doses of up to 400 mg each day over the course of a year. However, some individuals who had supplemented with 5-HTP developed EMS. EMS is the acronym for eosinophilia-myalgia, which is a potentially dangerous condition that involves severe tenderness of the muscles and abnormalities within the blood. EMS may be caused by contaminated supplements, however, not enough information is currently available to pinpoint this condition directly to 5-HTP.
Other conditions which could potentially arise from use in 5-HTP include, stomach pain and cramps coma heartburn and an increase of stomach acid, diarrhea and gastrointestinal issues, nausea and vomiting, sexual problems including a loss of libido, and muscle fatigue, aches, and pains. 5-HTP may prove to be unsafe when taken orally as a large dose. Dosages ranging between 6 grams and 10 grams per day have been directly linked to muscle spasms and stomach problems of a severe nature.
Precautions and warnings when using 5-HTP
Use in children. 5-HTP is seen as moderately safe when given via mouth at appropriate doses. The recommended dose is 5 mg per kilogram of body weight once per day. It has been used safely for more than 3 years and children aged between 5 years old and 12 years old. As is possible with adults who are using 5-HTP, there is also concern that it could give rise to the potential of developing EMS. For this reason, it is important to only give small doses as recommended above to young children and infants.
Use before or after surgery. As 5-HTP works by adjusting the hormone levels of Serotonin, 5-HTP may interact with any other medications given to alter the amount of Serotonin available in the brain. Those individuals who take large doses of 5-HTP before undergoing surgery may have too much serotonin available in the brain. This can result in potentially dire side effects, which includes shivering, anxiety and heart problems. All use of 5-HTP should be ceased at least 14 days before surgery is due to be performed.
Breastfeeding and pregnancy. There is currently not enough information available about the use of 5-HTP while pregnant or breastfeeding. It is recommended that those women who are currently breastfeeding or pregnant should on the side of caution and avoid using 5-HTP. There is a slight concern that the supplement may be passed on through the breast milk of nursing mothers, and 5-HTP has not been tested in newborn children and very young infants.
Is 5 HTP safe to use?
Current guidelines label 5-HTP as being a supplement that is possibly safe to use as long as it is taken at the recommended guideline doses. As with all medications, an increase in the amount of the supplement that you take could increase the risk of suffering from side effects, which could be severe in nature at times. Always pay heed to dosage guidelines and avoid taking more than is necessary.
Magnesium is a vital mineral found throughout the body, yet it is estimated that roughly 75% of the world’s population are deficient in it. Magnesium is able to effectively combat stress and anxiety and is often referred to as Nature’s Own Valium. In fact, magnesium is so important in the body that it plays a role in more than 600 different metabolic functions. While this is true, it is also the second most common deficiency affecting people in the developed world.
There is correlating information between the reduction of magnesium and take over the last 50 years and extremely high levels of anxiety increasing. This could be believed of as being a coincidence, however, researchers have been able to induce anxiety in test animals by removing magnesium from their systems. The way in which magnesium works on reducing stress is by stimulating and binding to receptors in the brain known as GABA.
Neuroreceptors are important.
When the levels of GABA are low in the brain, the brain gets stuck in the active mode and it can become a near impossibility to be able to relax. If you noticed that you become easily disorganized, overwhelmed, or lay awake at night with thoughts running through your mind, then you most likely are experiencing low GABA levels. Low GABA levels are linked with several stress-related conditions, which include panic attacks, anxiety disorders, and IBS (irritable bowel syndrome).
Magnesium also inhibits the amount of stress hormones such as cortisol. Cortisol is responsible for conditions involving depression, anxiety, brain fog, memory loss, and mental disorders. One of the leading symptoms of magnesium deficiency is a cramping and tightness in the muscles. When the muscles are tight, they don’t only lead to feelings of tension but increase the occurrence of the fight or flight response. The fight or flight response, in turn, leads to the release of several stress hormones including cortisol and epinephrine. Therefore, taking magnesium supplements can enable your muscles to relax and prevent these hormones from being released.
Magnesium is known for its potent anti-anxiety profit is due to its ability to act as an anti-inflammatory. Chronic inflammation can occur throughout the body and in the brain, which can lead to cytokines causing inflammation in the brain, altering its overall function, and destroying tissue. Cytokines are known to actively play a part in the onset of memory loss, slowed responses, apathy, depression, schizophrenia, suicidal thoughts, lack of focus and irritability. When supplementing with magnesium glycinate, the release of cytokines is limited these common symptoms can be eradicated.
Magnesium is a natural antidepressant.
Those who suffer from anxiety will most likely also suffer from depression. This is because these two conditions tend to go hand-in-hand. It is a well-known fact that 85% of individuals who suffer from depression will experience anxiety comma while 90% of those who suffer from anxiety will experience depression. Magnesium is able to help treat both. Supplemental magnesium glycinate is able to provide effective relief from depressive disorders quickly. It can take as little as 7 days to notice a real change in your mood. The way in which magnesium assists with treating depression is by increasing the amount of Serotonin that is available in the body.
Serotonin is known as the happiness hormone and enables better cognitive function while improving the overall sense of health and well-being of the individual. As magnesium glycinate enables an increase of serotonin levels in the body, it is a beneficial therapeutic treatment for many mood disorders. Magnesium blood sugar levels, which helps provide consistent nutrition to the brain to keep it energized. Low blood sugar levels also have the ability to induce anxiety, and hypoglycemic attacks can feel just like a panic attack.
Our first priority is to provide information about neuroscience and we don’t want to give you suggestions for products that are false in their advertising claims. One interesting drug called OptiMind has marketing on Facebook and other places that make it seem like it is a Limitless pill (alluding to the movie Limitless with Bradley Cooper).
If you haven’t seen the movie, don’t worry about the reference. The point is, some people are thinking that the OptiMind smart drug is the latest and greatest nootropic, when that really couldn’t be further from the truth. The truth is, we are going to provide you with a series of reasons why you should look closer at the ingredients and then determine what it is that you want to stay safe.
Using OptiMind for Nootropic Purposes
There are many high class reviews of OptiMind online that discuss some of the benefits of the drug (which there are many) in addition to the drawbacks. One of the things that consistently comes up is the use of GABA, which is not really a powerful nootropic because it doesn’t really cross the blood-brain barrier. Many people take GABA because they think that it is going to help them to improve their cognitive performance, but it isn’t going to do much at all.
The biggest problem is that people think OptiMind is going to be the new Limitless drug, but this couldn’t be further from the truth. As great as all of these drugs are, they are not the same high quality that you can get if you were to just make sure you sleep enough, eat healthy foods, and optimize other aspects of your life. Most of the time, if you can do these things, you are going to have a much better experience at the end of the day.
Anyone who has spent time in the nootropics world knows that there is some pretty crazy stuff out there. Often, the people who are researching these kinds of drugs know what they are doing, but they are also pushing the envelope about what is really healthy and what might be experimental. Most of the time, you can be sure there are safety concerns just because there hasn’t been a whole lot of studying done on these drugs. Either way, there is some interesting things if you go into it without too skeptical of a mindset.
One of the biggest things that people fear when they are entering the nootropic world are the names themselves. If you have ever heard of a drug called piracetam, you probably know what we mean. This is one of the most popular drugs on the marketplace and you’ll find that it scares a lot of people to even see it much less then the cousin phenylpiracetam!
There are a few other nootropic drugs that have crazy names that are not only harmless, but also incredibly healthy for you. In this article, we are going to focus on a few that can help you to achieve your goals and have a much better experience with life. These have different purposes and help with different things, but they can still be helpful for you no matter what walk of life you find yourself in.
N-Acetyl-L-Carnitine – this is often referred to as ALCAR and for good reason. A lot of people who see the name N-Acetyl-L-Carnitine aren’t going to really know what to think of a drug that they are supposed to consume! Most people who are using ALCAR find that it is incredibly useful for memory formation, increasing metabolic rate (for some people) and a host of other advantages. The only difference with this kind of a drug is the name.
The acetyl group is just a chemical structure that can be added to anything. L-carnitine is a type of amino acid that is the main psychoactive ingredient in this nootropic! When you are trying to determine whether it is safe or not, sometimes basic chemistry or biology knowledge can go a long way.
N-Acetyl-Cysteine – another difficult one to fathom, this is the type of supplement that most people love to hate. The name itself can be scary to people who are new with smart drugs, but as we have explained there is little to be worried about. You can get N-Acetyl-Cysteine capsules on the internet for relatively cheap if you are able to find the right vendor. It is a good idea to have this kind of thing formally handled before you make any progress in another direction.
The vast majority of people who are trying to improve their cognitive performance don’t even realize that there are going to be a lot of names that are hard to pronounce and even come across as scary. Some people look at drugs like phenylpiracetam and get scared because they think that it is a dangerous substance. In reality, many of these drugs (piracetam especially) are some of the safest that you are going to find.
In general, you are going to see that there are a lot of different advantages to doing what you are doing over time. The vast majority of people don’t realize that it is possible to enhance your cognition using this kind of a product and it has a lot of different advantages when done correctly.
As people find more ways of improving their brain chemistry in order to enhance their success, it is inevitable that they will devise new ways of supplementation. Sometimes it can go to the extreme with synthetic compounds and extracts that have profound and potent effects, but sometimes it just means modifying something that already exists. For example, coffee has been around for hundreds of years and continues to be one of the most popular drinks on the market.
The best thing about coffee is that it is often used as a way of enhancing focus and attention and there are other ways to get the same experience. In fact, there are ways to double the experience with some strategic combinations. If you create a new product called butter coffee you’ll have the experience of enhancing the absorption and long-term viability of the caffeine molecule.
Some of the main ingredients in Bulletproof coffee (as it is also known) include MCT oil and coconut oil. These are both useful for improving the brain energy levels because they are converted into usable energy within 3 steps instead of 20. The vast majority of people who are using these types of oils do not even realize there is a slight difference.
The difference between coconut oil and MCT oil is negligible, but it is enough for you to want to opt with one over the other. If you are looking for pure energy and are trying to do the whole Bulletproof coffee thing correctly (as per recommendations from Dave Asprey), then it is a good idea for you to use MCT oil as well.
Either way, keep in mind that your cognitive advantages are going to increase significantly as soon as you start to enhance the supplementation that you are taking. With this kind of an experience, you’ll be far more successful.
Anyone who is interested in neuroscience has probably spent time looking at cognitive enhancing drugs called nootropics. These drugs are often used as a way to improve memory formation, concentration, and a host of other markers. The only problem is trying to make sure you have a safe product that you can purchase. If you do not find something safe, you will have a lot of problems as others have in the past.
If you don’t believe us, we have a couple of horror stories for you that are fully verified by the Reddit community. This article will help you understand which vendors you should use for buying nootropics.
Nootropics Depot – this is a great vendor that has a lot of credibility and reputation on Reddit. The moderators are fans of this brand because they spend their time focused on quality and a whole lot of affordable products rather than getting too expensive with things. One Nootropics Depot review was raving about how good the quality of the product was. This is a huge indicator that something powerful is going on with regard to this vendor. Just look on Reddit.
Pure Nootropics – another great vendor where you’ll find fewer products, but of equal value. Many of the products from Pure Nootropics are valuable because they are tested beforehand with all the necessary precautions. If you are interested in finding out more about this brand you can click here to find more about Pure Nootropics.
Here is one of the products that Pure Nootropics sells. It is a racetam drug that helps with memory called piracetam. There are plenty of benefits of piracetam and as this person makes clear, you’ll find many of them if you buy piracetam as a nootropic for memory.
The horror story that we mentioned above was related to a guy on Reddit who bought a product that turned out to be something he shouldn’t have taken. By doing this, he got sick, had seizures and never fully recovered.
In the past few years there has been much discussion over the use of psychedelic drugs like mushrooms and LSD. The vast majority of people who use these types of drugs find that they are helpful acute tools to improve their emotional intelligence and desire to do things different in their life. The vast majority of people who are doing psychedelics are able to improve their quality of life without causing a lot of disruptions.
Micro-dosing is a common type of psychedelic usage and it has a whole host of different issues that we need to be concerned about. At the end of the day, the vast majority of people who are using psychedelics could use some direction.
Nootropics aren’t psychedelics – one of the problems that some people have is considering anything that changes the brain to be a psychedelic. Nootropic drugs are not considered a psychedelic (you can read more here: http://www.nootropedia.com/ ). In fact, they are drugs that can make a really big difference to your cognitive abilities like concentration, memory, and learning ability, but they are not psychedelics.
Psychedelics are serotonergic – most of the psychedelic drugs are actually products of the serotonergic system, which is one that is meant to regulate the amount of this brain chemical. Serotonin is important for a number of waking and sleep cycles, but it is also important for you to be able to understand this for greater understanding of the supplements and diet you keep.
Research on psychedelics – luckily, in the past few years the research on psychedelics has gone through the roof. Tim Ferriss is a big proponent of the drugs and he has helped to fund studies at Johns Hopkins university. He is focusing on treatment resistant mushroom uses for people.
As you can see, there are a lot of factors involved with psychedelic compounds and this can mean that you are going to need due diligence as well. Make sure you do this before you take the drugs and learn whether there are some type of brain altering supplements that can help.